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南昌工程学院英语期末考试卷

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南昌工程学院英语期末考试卷

第三册(B)卷

Part Listening Comprehension(20 minutes  20 points)

Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example: You will hear:
You will read:
A) At the office.
B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport.
D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose A) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

1. A) They are twins. B) They are classmates.
C) They are friends. D) They are colleagues.
2. A) The man is planning a trip to Austin. B) The man has not been to Austin before.
C) The man doesn't like Austin. D) The man has been to Austin before.
3. A) The size of the room. B) Long working hours.
C) The hot weather. D) The fan in the room.
4. A) The man has changed his destination.
B) The man is returning his ticket.
C) The man is flying to New York tomorrow morning.
D) The man can't manage to go to New York as planned.
5. A) It is difficult to identify. B) It has been misplaced.
C) It is missing. D) It has been borrowed by someone.
6. A) Looking for a timetable. B) Buying some furniture.
C) Reserving a table. D) Window shopping.
7. A) Cold and windy. B) Snow will be replaced by strong winds.
C) It will get better. D) Rainy and cold.
8. A) It is no longer available.
B) It has been reprinted four times.
C) The store doesn't have it now, but will have it soon.
D) The information in the book is out of date.
9. A) Henry doesn't like the color. B) Someone else painted the house.
C) There was no ladder in the house. D) Henry painted the house himself.
10.A) In a cotton field. B) At a railway station.
C) On a farm. D) On a train.

Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) They invited him to a party.
B) They asked him to make a speech.
C) They gave a special dinner for him.
D) They invited his wife to attend th e dinner.
12. A) He was embarrassed. B) He felt greatly encouraged.
C) He felt sad. D) He was deeply touched.
13. A) Sam's wife did not think that the company was fair to Sam.
B) Sam's wife was satisfied with the gold watch.
C) Sam did not like the gold watch.
D) The company had some financial problems.
Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard. 14. A) The number of students they take in is limited.
B) They receive little or no support from public taxes.
C) They are only open to children from rich families.
D) They have to pay more taxes.
15. A) Privaie schools admit more students.
B) Private schools charge less than religious schools.
C) Private schools run a variety of programs.
D) Private schools allow students to enjoy more freedom.
16. A) The churches. B) The program designers.
C) The local authorities. D) The state government.
Passage Three
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) She was found stealing in a bookstore.
B) She caught someone in the act of stealing.
C) She admitted having stolen something.
D) She said she was wrongly accused of stealing.
18. A) A book. B) $ 3,000. C) A handbag. D) A Christmas card.
19. A) She was questioned by the police.
B)She was shut in a small room for 20 minutes.
C) She was insulted by the shopper around her.
D)She was body
searched by the store manager.
20. A)T
hey refused to apologize for having followed her through the town.
B)They regretted having wrongly accused her of stealing.
C)They still suspected that she was a thief.
D)They agreed to pay her $ 3,000 damages.

Part      Reading Comprehension      (40 minutes 40 points)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by  four questions. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

     A recent study, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver, Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal accident as a teenager driving alone, By contrast, the risk of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.

     The authors also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 p.m., and especially after midnight, With passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident.

     Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience. “The basic issue.” Be says, “is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is.”

Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to mitigate (使……缓解)the problem is to have states institute so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting a license is a multistage process. A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving with night of passenger restrictions, before graduating to full driving privileges.

     Graduated licensing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies, about half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10 of those states have restrictions on passengers, California is the strictest, with a novice(新手)driver prohibited from carrying any passenger under 20(without the presence of an adult over 25)for the first six months.

21. Which of the following situations is most dangerous according to the passage?

A) Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.

B) A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car.

C) Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night.

D) A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight.

22. According to Robert Foss. The high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to ________

A) their frequent driving at night      C) their lack of driving experience

B) their improper way of driving      D) their driving with passengers

23. According to Paragraph 3. which of the following statements is TRUE?

A) Teenagers should spend more time learning to drive.

B) Driving is a skill too complicated for teenagers to learn.

C) Restrictions should be imposed on teenagers applying to take driving lessons.

D) The licensing authorities are partly responsible for teenagers' driving accidents.

 24. A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers' driving accidents is that ________ .

A) driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule

B) they should be prohibited from taking on passengers

C) they should not be allowed to drive after 10 p.m.

D) the licensing system should be improved

25. The present situation in about half of the states is that the graduated licensing system ________.

A) is under discussion              C) has been put into effect

B) is about to be set up             D) has been perfected

Passage Two

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

     If you know exactly what you want, the best route to a job is to get specialized training. A recent survey shows that companies like graduates in such fields as business and health care who can go to work immediately with very little on-the-job training. 

That's especially true of booming fields that are challenging for workers. At Cornell's School of Hotel Administration, for example, bachelor's degree graduates get an average of four or five job offers with salaries ranging from the high teens to the low 20s and plenty of chances for rapid advancement. Large companies, especially, like a background of formal education coupled with work experience. 

But in the long run, too much specialization doesn't pay off. Business, which has been flooded with MBAs, no longer considers the degree an automatic stamp of approval. The MBA may open doors and command a higher salary initially, but the impact of a degree washes out after five years. 

As further evidence of the erosion (销蚀) of corporate(公司的) faith in specialized degrees, Michigan State’s Scheetz cites a pattern in corporate hiring practices, Although companies tend to take on specialists as new hires, they often seek out generalists for middle and upper-level management. “They want someone who isn’t constrained(限制)by nuts and bolts to look at the big picture, ”says Scheetz. 

This sounds suspiciously like a formal statement that you approve of the liberal-arts graduate. Time and again labor-market analysts mention a need for talents that liberal-arts majors are assumed to have: writing and communication skills, organizational skills, open-mindedness and adaptability, and the ability to analyze and solve problems, David Birch claims he does not hire anybody with an MBA or an engineering degree, “I hire only liberal-arts people because they have a less-than-canned way of doing things,” says Birch. Liberal-arts means an academically thorough and strict program that includes literature, history, mathematics, economics, science, human behaviorplus a computer course or two. With that under your belt, you can feel free to specialize, “A liberal-arts degree coupled with an MBA or some other technical training is a very good combination in the marketplace,” says Scheetz. 

26. What kinds of people are in high demand on the job market?

A) Students with a bachelor's degree in humanities.

B) People with an MBA degree front top universities.

C) People with formal schooling plus work experience.

D) People with special training in engineering 

27. By saying “but the impact of a degree washes out after five years” (Line 3, Para, 3), the author means ________.

A) most MBA programs fail to provide students with a solid foundation

B) an MBA degree does not help promotion to managerial positions

C) MBA programs will not be as popular in five years' time as they are now

D) in five people will forget about the degree the MBA graduates have got 

28. According to Scheetz's statement (Lines 4-5. Para. 4), companies prefer ________.

A) people who have a strategic mind

B) people who are talented in fine arts

C) people who are ambitious and aggressive

D) people who have received training in mechanics 

29. David Birch claims that he only hires liberal-arts people because ________.

A) they are more capable of handling changing situations

B) they can stick to established ways of solving problems

C) they are thoroughly trained in a variety of specialized fields

D) they have attended special programs in management 

30. Which of the following statements does the author support?

A) Specialists are more expensive to hire than generalists.

B) Formal schooling is less important than job training.

C) On-the-job training is, in the long run, less costly.

D) Generalists will outdo specialists in management.

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. 

About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table, I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked: "So, how have you been?" And the boywho could not have been more than seven or eight years old replied. "Frankly, I've been feeling a little depressed lately.'' 

This incident stuck in my mind because it confirmed my growing belief that children are changing. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed” until we were in high school. 

The evidence of a change in children has increased steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to. 

Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Childhood as it once was no longer exists, Why? 

Human development is based not only on innate (天生的) biological states, but also on patterns of access to social knowledge. Movement from one social rote to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new status. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages: traditionally, we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders. 

In the last 30 years. however, a secret-revelation (揭示) machine has been installed in 98 percent of American homes. It is called television, Television passes information, and indiscriminately (不加区分地), to all viewers alike, be they children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation, many children turn their attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more vivid moving pictures. 

Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information to which children have access. Reading and writing involve a complex code of symbols that must be memorized and practices. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials.

31. According to the author, feeling depressed is ________.

A) a sure sign of a psychological problem in a child

B) something hardly to be expected in a young child

C) an inevitable has of children's mental development

D) a mental scale present in all humans, including children

32. Traditionally, a child is supposed to learn about the adult world ________.

A) through contact with society       C) naturally and by biological instinct

B) gradually and under guidance      D)through exposure to social information

33. The phenomenon that today’s children seem adultlike is attributed by the author to ________.

A) the widespread influence of television

B) the poor arrangement of teaching content

C) the fast pace of human intellectual development

D) the constantly rising standard of living

34. Why is the author in favor of communication through print for children?

A) It enables children to gain more social information.

B) It develops children's interest in reading and writing.

C) It helps children to memorize and practice more.

D) It can control what children are to learn.

35. What does the author think of the change in today’s children?

A) He feels amused by chair premature behavior.

B) He thinks it is a phenomenon worthy of note.

C) He considers it a positive development.

D) He seems to be upset about it.

Passage Four

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages—has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree(可可树)by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.

The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine(饥荒)”of 1845—1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America.

There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.

According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

36.According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?

A  Food

B  Clothing

C  Ideology

D  Language

37“some” in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to

A  some cocoa trees

B  some chocolate drinks.

C  some shops

D  some South American Indians

38    housands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because

A  they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else

B  they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America

C  the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes

D  the potato harvest was bad

39    hich country is the largest coffee producer?

A  Brazil

B  Colombia

C  Ethiopia

E  Egypt

40    Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?

A. One third of the world’s population drinks coffee.

B. Coffee is native to Colombia

C. Coffee can keep one awake.

D. Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.

Part  Vocabulary and Structure        (10 minutes 10 points)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose cite ONE answer that best completes the sentence. 

41. The beam that is ________by a laser differs in several ways from the light that comes out of a flashlight.

A) emitted                         C ) motivated

B) transported                      D) translated

42. We booked rooms at the hotel ________we should find no vacancies on our arrival.

A) whenever                        C) since

B) if                               D) lest

43. Modern forms of transportation and communication have done much to ________the isolation of life in Alaska.

A) break through                  C) break into

B) break down                    D) break out

 44. We know through painful experience that freedom is never by the oppressor; it must be ________by the oppressed.

A) demanded                    C) required

B) commanded                   D) requested

 45. Color and sex are not relevant ________whether a person is suitable for the job.

A) on                           C) to

B) for                           D) with

46. ________the enormous flow of food from the entire globe, these countries have for many years not felt any population pressure.

A)Thanks to                       C) In line with

B) By means of                    D) With regard to

47. Research universities have to keep up with the latest computer and scientific hardware ________price.

A) On account of                    C) in addition to

B) regardless of                     D) not to mention

 48. Three university departments have been ________ $600,000 to develop good practice in teaching and learning.

A) promoted                       C) secured

B) included                        D) awarded

 49. The rapid development of communications technology is transforming the ________in which people communicate across time and space.

A) mood                          C) manner

B) mission                         D) vision

50. Mr.Jones holds strong views against video games and ________the clsing of all recreation facilities for such games.

A) assists                          C) advocates

B) acknowledges                    D) admits

Part IV Translation (10 minutes, 15 points)

51这个男人告诉妻子把药放在最上面的搁架上,这样孩子们就够不着了。

52地政府将毫不犹豫地采取最严厉的措施对付犯罪分子。

53 政府通过资助种植果树以使荒地重新变绿,成功地改善了生态环境。

Part V       Writing   (30 minutes, 15 points)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Advantage of a Job Interview. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on outline (given in Chinese) below:
1.
现在找工作一般都要面试,通过面试,面试者(interviewer)和应试者(interviewee) 可以互相了解情况。
2.
面试者可以向应试者介绍情况如工作性质、条件、待遇等。
3.
应试者也有机会给对方留下一个好印象,如可以表现出自信心,可以介绍教育背景,工作能力等。

Advantage of a Job Interview

答案:

Part I Listening Comprehension

1-10: ABCDB CAABD
11-20:CDABC ADDBC

PartⅡ Reading Comprehension
21---25 B C D D C
26---30 C B A A D
31---35 B B A D B
36---40 A C D A B

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
41---45 A D A A C
46---50 A B D C C

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